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ERASED TEST, YOU MAY BE INTERESTED ON SEC+ TEST 1
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Title of test:
SEC+ TEST 1

Description:
SEC+ TEST QUESTION STUDY

Author:
AVATAR
RSV4SLAYER
Other tests from this author

Creation Date: 12/06/2024

Category: Computers

Number of questions: 60
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Content:
A security administrator suspects an employee has been emailing proprietary information to a competitor. Company policy requires the administrator to capture an exact copy of the employee's hard disk. Which of the following should the administrator use? dd chmod dnsenum logger.
Which of the following will MOST likely adversely impact the operations of unpatched traditional programmable-logic controllers, running a backend LAMP server and OT systems with human-management interfaces that are accessible over the Internet via a web interface? (Choose two.) Cross-site scripting Data exfiltration Poor system logging Weak encryption SQL injection Server-side request forgery.
A company recently transitioned to a strictly BYOD culture due to the cost of replacing lost or damaged corporate-owned mobile devices. Which of the following technologies would be BEST to balance the BYOD culture while also protecting the company's data? Containerization Geofencing Full-disk encryption Remote wipe.
A Chief Security Office's (CSO's) key priorities are to improve preparation, response, and recovery practices to minimize system downtime and enhance organizational resilience to ransomware attacks. Which of the following would BEST meet the CSO's objectives? A. Use email-filtering software and centralized account management, patch high-risk systems, and restrict administration privileges on fileshares. B. Purchase cyber insurance from a reputable provider to reduce expenses during an incident. C. Invest in end-user awareness training to change the long-term culture and behavior of staff and executives, reducing the organization's susceptibility to phishing attacks. D. Implement application whitelisting and centralized event-log management, and perform regular testing and validation of full backups.
Which of the following is MOST likely to outline the roles and responsibil- ities of data controllers and data processors? SSAE SOC 2 PCI DSS GDPR ISO 31000.
Phishing and spear-phishing attacks have been occurring more frequently against a company's staff. Which of the following would MOST likely help mitigate this issue? DNSSEC and DMARC DNS query logging Exact mail exchanger records in the DNS The addition of DNS conditional forwarders.
Which of the following incident response steps involves actions to pro- tect critical systems while maintaining business operations? A. Investigation B. Containment C. Recovery D. Lessons learned.
A security auditor is reviewing vulnerability scan data provided by an internal security team. Which of the following BEST indicates that valid credentials were used? A.The scan results show open ports, protocols, and services exposed on the target host B.The scan enumerated software versions of installed programs C.The scan produced a list of vulnerabilities on the target host D.The scan identified expired SSL certificates.
Which of the following BEST explains the difference between a data owner and a data custodian? A.The data owner is responsible for adhering to the rules for using the data, while the data custodian is responsible for determining the corporate governance regarding the data B.The data owner is responsible for determining how the data may be used, while the data custodian is responsible for implementing the protection to the data C.The data owner is responsible for controlling the data, while the data custodian is responsible for maintaining the chain of custody when handling the data D.The data owner grants the technical permissions for data access, while the data custodian maintains the database access controls to the data.
A network engineer needs to build a solution that will allow guests at the company's headquarters to access the Internet via WiFi. This solution should not allow access to the internal corporate network, but it should require guests to sign off on the acceptable use policy before accessing the Internet. Which of the following should the engineer employ to meet these requirements? A. Implement open PSK on the APs B. Deploy a WAF C. Configure WIPS on the APs D. Install a captive portal.
Based on the analyst's findings, which of the following attacks is being executed? Credential harvesting Keylogger Brute-force Spraying.
Which of the following cloud models provides clients with servers, storage, and networks but nothing else? SaaS PaaS IaaS DaaS.
Which of the following network attacks is the researcher MOST likely experiencing? MAC cloning Evil twin Man-in-the-middle ARP poisoning.
An organization needs to implement more stringent controls over administrator/root credentials and service accounts. Requirements for the project include: Check-in/checkout of credentials The ability to use but not know the password Automated password changes Logging of access to credentials Which of the following solutions would meet the requirements? OAuth 2.0 Secure Enclave A privileged access management system An OpenID Connect authentication system.
Several employees return to work the day after attending an industry trade show. That same day, the security manager notices several malware alerts coming from each of the employee's workstations. The security manager investigates but finds no signs of an attack on the perimeter firewall or the NIDS. Which of the following is MOST likely causing the malware alerts? A. A worm that has propagated itself across the intranet, which was initiated by presentation media B. A fileless virus that is contained on a vCard that is attempting to execute an attack C. A Trojan that has passed through and executed malicious code on the hosts D.A USB flash drive that is trying to run malicious code but is being blocked by the host firewall.
After reading a security bulletin, a network security manager is concerned that a malicious actor may have breached the network using the same software flaw.The exploit code is publicly available and has been reported as being used against other industries in the same vertical. Which of the following should the network security manager consult FIRST to determine a priority list for forensic review? A.The vulnerability scan output B.The IDS logs C.The full packet capture data D.The SIEM alerts.
A financial organization has adopted a new secure, encrypted document-sharing application to help with its customer loan process. Some important PII needs to be shared across this new platform, but it is getting blocked by the DLP systems. Which of the following actions will BEST allow the PII to be shared with the secure application without compromising the organization's security posture? A. Configure the DLP policies to allow all PII B. Configure the firewall to allow all ports that are used by this application C. Configure the antivirus software to allow the application D. Configure the DLP policies to whitelist this application with the specific PII E. Configure the application to encrypt the PII.
An auditor is performing an assessment of a security appliance with an embedded OS that was vulnerable during the last two assessments. Which of the following BEST explains the appliance's vulnerable state? A.The system was configured with weak default security settings. B.The device uses weak encryption ciphers. C.The vendor has not supplied a patch for the appliance. D.The appliance requires administrative credentials for the assessment.
A company's bank has reported that multiple corporate credit cards have been stolen over the past several weeks. The bank has provided the names of the affected cardholders to the company's forensics team to assist in the cyber-incident investigation.An incident responder learns the following information: The timeline of stolen card numbers corresponds closely with affected users making Internet-based purchases from diverse websites via enterprise desktopPCs. All purchase connections were encrypted, and the company uses an SSL inspection proxy for the inspection of encrypted traffic of the hardwired network. Purchases made with corporate cards over the corporate guest WiFi network, where no SSL inspection occurs, were unaffected. Which of the following is the MOST likely root cause? A. HTTPS sessions are being downgraded to insecure cipher suites B.The SSL inspection proxy is feeding events to a compromised SIEM C.The payment providers are insecurely processing credit card charges D.The adversary has not yet established a presence on the guest WiFi network.
A company is implementing MFA for all applications that store sensitive data. The IT manager wants MFA to be non-disruptive and user friendly. Which of the following technologies should the IT manager use when implementing MFA? A. One-time passwords B. Email tokens C. Push notifications D. Hardware authentication.
The CSIRT is reviewing the lessons learned from a recent incident. A worm was able to spread unhindered throughout the network and infect a large number of computers and servers. Which of the following recommendations would be BEST to mitigate the impacts of a similar incident in the future? A. Install a NIDS device at the boundary. B. Segment the network with firewalls. C. Update all antivirus signatures daily. D. Implement application blacklisting.
A company is adopting a BYOD policy and is looking for a comprehensive solution to protect company information on user devices. Which of the following solutions would BEST support the policy? A. Mobile device management B. Full-device encryption C. Remote wipe D. Biometrics.
A development team employs a practice of bringing all the code changes from multiple team members into the same development project through automation. A tool is utilized to validate the code and track source code through version control. Which of the following BEST describes this process? A. Continuous delivery B. Continuous integration C. Continuous validation D. Continuous monitoring.
A cybersecurity administrator needs to add disk redundancy for a critical server. The solution must have a two-drive failure for better fault tolerance. Which of the following RAID levels should the administrator select? A. 0 B. 1 C. 5 D. 6.
Which of the following BEST explains the reason why a server administrator would place a document named password.txt on the desktop of an administrator account on a server? A.The document is a honeyfile and is meant to attract the attention of a cyberintruder. B.The document is a backup file if the system needs to be recovered. C.The document is a standard file that the OS needs to verify the login credentials. D.The document is a keylogger that stores all keystrokes should the account be compromised.
A small company that does not have security staff wants to improve its security posture. Which of the following would BEST assist the company? A. MSSP B. SOAR C. IaaS D. PaaS.
An organization's help desk is flooded with phone calls from users stating they can no longer access certain websites. The help desk escalates the issue to the security team, as these websites were accessible the previous day. The security analysts run the following command: ipconfig /flushdns, but the issue persists. Finally, an analyst changes the DNS server for an impacted machine, and the issue goes away. Which of the following attacks MOST likely occurred on the original DNS server? A. DNS cache poisoning B. Domain hijacking C. Distributed denial-of-service D. DNS tunneling.
A cybersecurity manager has scheduled biannual meetings with the IT team and department leaders to discuss how they would respond to hypothetical cyberattacks. During these meetings, the manager presents a scenario and injects additional information throughout the session to replicate what might occur in a dynamic cybersecurity event involving the company, its facilities, its data, and its staff. Which of the following describes what the manager is doing? A. Developing an incident response plan B. Building a disaster recovery plan C. Conducting a tabletop exercise D. Running a simulation exercise.
A RAT that was used to compromise an organization's banking credentials was found on a user's computer. The RAT evaded antivirus detection. It was installed by a user who has local administrator rights to the system as part of a remote management tool set. Which of the following recommendations would BEST prevent this from reoccurring? A. Create a new acceptable use policy. B. Segment the network into trusted and untrusted zones. C. Enforce application whitelisting. D. Implement DLP at the network boundary.
A security analyst is reviewing a new website that will soon be made publicly available. The analyst sees the following in the URL: http://dev-site.comptia.org/home/show.php?sessionID=77276554&loc=us. The analyst then sends an internal user a link to the new website for testing purposes, and when the user clicks the link, the analyst is able to browse the website with the following URL: http://devsite. comptia.org/home/show.php?sessionID=98988475&loc=us Which of the following application attacks is being tested? A. Pass-the-hash B. Session replay C. Object deference D. Cross-site request forgery.
A network administrator has been asked to install an IDS to improve the security posture of an organization. Which of the following control types is an IDS? A. Corrective B. Physical C. Detective D. Administrative.
Which of the following should be put in place when negotiating with a new vendor about the timeliness of the response to a significant outage or incident? A. MOU B. MTTR C. SLA D. NDA.
A startup company is using multiple SaaS and IaaS platforms to stand up a corporate infrastructure and build out a customer-facing web application. Which of the following solutions would be BEST to provide security, manageability, and visibility into the platforms? A. SIEM B. DLP C. CASB D. SWG.
A root cause analysis reveals that a web application outage was caused by one of the company's developers uploading a newer version of the third-party libraries that were shared among several applications. Which of the following implementations would be BEST to prevent the issue from reoccurring? A. CASB B. SWG C. Containerization D. Automated failover.
A security administrator suspects there may be unnecessary services running on a server. Which of the following tools will the administrator MOST likely use to confirm the suspicions? A. Nmap B.Wireshark C. Autopsy D. DNSEnum.
A company has drafted an insider-threat policy that prohibits the use of external storage devices. Which of the following would BEST protect the company from data exfiltration via removable media? A. Monitoring large data transfer transactions in the firewall logs B. Developing mandatory training to educate employees about the removable media policy C. Implementing a group policy to block user access to system files D. Blocking removable-media devices and write capabilities using a host-based security tool.
A network administrator has been alerted that web pages are experiencing long load times. After determining it is not a routing or DNS issue, the administrator logs in to the router, runs a command, and receives the following output: CPU 0 percent busy, from 300 sec ago 1 sec ave: 99 percent busy 5 sec ave: 97 percent busy 1 min ave: 83 percent busy Which of the following is the router experiencing? A. DDoS attack B. Memory leak C. Buffer overflow D. Resource exhaustion.
A company provides mobile devices to its users to permit access to email and enterprise applications. The company recently started allowing users to select from several different vendors and device models. When configuring the MDM, which of the following is a key security implication of this heterogeneous device approach? A.The most common set of MDM configurations will become the effective set of enterprise mobile security controls. B. All devices will need to support SCEP-based enrollment; therefore, the heterogeneity of the chosen architecture may unnecessarily expose private keys to adversaries. C. Certain devices are inherently less secure than others, so compensatory controls will be needed to address the delta between device vendors. D.MDMs typically will not support heterogeneous deployment environments, so multiple MDMs will need to be installed and configured.
An organization with a low tolerance for user inconvenience wants to protect laptop hard drives against loss or data theft. Which of the following would be theMOST acceptable? A. SED (Self-Encrypting Drive) B. HSM (Hardware Security Module) C. DLP (Data Loss Prevention software) D.TPM (Trusted Platform Module).
A company recently transitioned to a strictly BYOD culture due to the cost of replacing lost or damaged corporate-owned mobile devices. Which of the following technologies would be BEST to balance the BYOD culture while also protecting the company’s data? A. Containerization B. Geofencing C. Full-disk encryption D. Remote wipe .
A Chief Security Office's (CSO's) key priorities are to improve preparation, response, and recovery practices to minimize system downtime and enhance organizational resilience to ransomware attacks. Which of the following would BEST meet the CSO's objectives? A. Use email-filtering software and centralized account management, patch high-risk systems, and restrict administration privileges on fileshares. B. Purchase cyber insurance from a reputable provider to reduce expenses during an incident. C. Invest in end-user awareness training to change the long-term culture and behavior of staff and executives, reducing the organization's susceptibility to phishing attacks. D. Implement application whitelisting and centralized event-log management, and perform regular testing and validation of full backups. .
Due to unexpected circumstances, an IT company must vacate its main office, forcing all operations to alternate, off-site locations Which of the following will the company MOST likely reference for guidance during this change? A. The business continuity plan B. The retention policy C. The disaster recovery plan D. The incident response plan.
A systems administrator reports degraded performance on a virtual server. The administrator increases the virtual memory allocation, which improves conditions, but performance degrades again after a few days The administrator runs an analysis tool and sees the following output The administrator terminates the timeAttend.exe, observes system performance over the next few days and notices that the system performance does not degrade Which of the following issues is MOST likely occurring? A. DLL injection B. API attack C. Buffer overflow D. Memory leak.
Developers are about to release a financial application, but the number of fields on the forms that could be abused by an attacker is troubling. Which of the following techniques should be used to address this vulnerability? A. Implement input validation B. Encrypt data Before submission C. Perform a manual review D. Conduct a peer review session .
A cloud service provider has created an environment where customers can connect existing local networks to the cloud lor additional computing resources and block internal HR applications from reaching the cloud. Which of the following cloud models is being used? A. Public B. Community C. Hybrid D. Private .
Which of the following would detect intrusions at the perimeter of an airport? A. Signage B. Fencing C. Motion sensors D. Lighting E. Bollards .
A security analyst has identified malware spreading through the corporate network and has activated the CSIRT Which of the following should the analyst do NEXT? A. Review how the malware was introduced to the network. B. Attempt to quarantine all infected hosts to limit further spread. C. Create help desk tickets to get infected systems reimaged. D. Update all endpoint antivirus solutions with the latest updates.
A customer service representative reported an unusual text message that was sent to the help desk. The message contained an unrecognized invoice number with a large balance due and a link to click for more details. Which of the following BEST describes this technique? A. Vishing B. Whaling C. Phishing D. Smishing .
A security administrator has discovered that workstations on the LAN are becoming infected with malware. The cause of the infections appears to be users receiving phishing emails that are bypassing the current email-filtering technology. As a result, users are being tricked into clicking on malicious URLs, as no internal controls currently exist in the environment to evaluate their safety. Which of the following would be BEST to implement to address the issue? A. Forward proxy B. HIDS C. Awareness training D. A jump server E. IPS .
After a recent security breach, a security analyst reports that several administrative usernames and passwords are being sent via cleartext across the network to access network devices over port 23. Which of the following should be implemented so all credentials sent over the network are encrypted when remotely accessing and configuring network devices? A. SSH B. SNMPv3 C. SFTP D. Telnet E. FTP .
A security analyst was called to Investigate a file received directly from a hardware manufacturer. The analyst is trying to determine whether the file was modified in transit before installation on the user's computer. Which of the following can be used to safely assess the file? A. Check the hash of the installation file B. Match the file names C. Verify the URL download location D. Verify the code-signing certificate.
An organization has hired a red team to simulate attacks on its security posture. Which of the following will the blue team do after detecting an loC? A. Reimage the impacted workstations. B. Activate runbooks for incident response C. Conduct forensics on the compromised system D. Conduct passive reconnaissance to gather informatio.
After gaining access to a dual-homed (i.e.. wired and wireless) multifunction device by exploiting a vulnerability in the device's firmware, a penetration tester then gains shell access on another networked asset This technique is an example of: A. privilege escalation B. footprinting C. persistence D. pivoting. .
Multiple business accounts were compromised a few days after a public website had its credentials database leaked on the Internet. No business emails were identified in the breach, but the security team thinks that the list of passwords exposed was later used to compromise business accounts. Which of the following would mitigate the issue? A. Complexity requirements B. Password history C. Acceptable use policy D. Shared accounts .
Which of the following would MOST likely be identified by a credentialed scan but would be missed by an uncredentialed scan? A. Vulnerabilities with a CVSS score greater than 6.9. B. Critical infrastructure vulnerabilities on non-IP protocols. C. CVEs related to non-Microsoft systems such as printers and switches. D. Missing patches for third-party software on Windows workstations and servers. .
A security monitoring company offers a service that alerts ifs customers if their credit cards have been stolen. Which of the following is the MOST likely source of this information? A. STIX B. The dark web C. TAXII D. Social media E. PCI .
A security manager needs to assess the security posture of one of the organization's vendors. The contract with the vendor does not allow for auditing of the vendor's security controls. Which of (he following should the manager request to complete the assessment? A. A service-level agreement B. A business partnership agreement C. A SOC 2 Type 2 report D. A memorandum of understanding .
A security forensics analyst is examining a virtual server. The analyst wants to preserve the present state of the virtual server, including memory contents. Which of the following backup types should be used? A. Snapshot B. Differential C. Cloud D. Full E. Incremental .
A customer has reported that an organization's website displayed an image of a smiley (ace rather than the expected web page for a short time two days earlier. A security analyst reviews log tries and sees the following around the lime of the incident: Which of the following is MOST likely occurring? A. Invalid trust chain B. Domain hijacking C. DNS poisoning D. URL redirection.
An administrator is experiencing issues when trying to upload a support file to a vendor. A pop-up message reveals that a payment card number was found in the file, and the file upload was blocked. Which of the following controls is most likely causing this issue and should be checked FIRST? A. DLP B. Firewall rule C. Content filter D. MDM E. Application Whitelist.
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