mission. Why did Columbus sail west on his first expedition? to discover the Bahama Islands to show King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella he could make the journey to find a shorter route to the Indies. Who was living on the first island that Columbus reached? Taino Pintas Aztecs. Columbus claimed the first island he reached for England Spain Portugal. Columbus was Italian Spanish English. Who discovered that America was a separate continent and not a part of China? America Neville Americas Vespa Amerigo Vespucci. What was the capital city of the Aztec Empire? Tenochtitlan Moctezuma Cofitachiqui. Hernando Cortes was a soldier for England Italy Spain. Tenochtitlan is now known as Mexico City Hispaniola Moctezuma. Who conquered the Incan empire? Cabeza de Vaca Cortes Pizarro. What colony was founded after after the defeat of the Incan empire? Peru New Spain New Mexico. This group in New Spain's society was the largest group and had an Indian and Spanish background. creoles peninsulares mestizos. This group in New Spain's society was at the top of society and all in it were born in Spain. peninsulares creoles mestizos. This group of people in New Spain's society were Spanish, but they were born in the Americas. peninsulares creoles mestizos. Who held the lowest position in New Spain's society? those who owned encomiendas those who were missionaries those who had no Spanish ancestors. This man was a Spanish missionary who fought for Indian rights. Cortes Hernando de Soto Bartolome de Las Casas. Why did New Spain decide to bring African slaves to the Americas? Indian slaves were dying out they wanted to let the Indian slaves go free all of the Indian slaves ran away. The Taino were affected by the Columbian Exchange. True False. The Spanish forced Christianity on native people. True False. Native people in the West Indies were forced to work on sugar cane farms. True False. The Aztecs had better weapons than the conquistadors. True False. Bartolome de Las Casas supported slavery. True False. Bartolome de Las Casas was a conquistador. True False. The Columbian Exchange happened on the Silk Road. True False. Cortes defeated the Taino. True False. Some Aztec Indians helped Cortes take over Tenochtitlan. True False. The Aztec rode on horses when fighting Cortes. True False.